We are honored to invite our members and guests to engange and exchange ideas with a wide range of outstanding speakers of international repute, representing a unique combination of insight, leading expertise and original thinking on the topics highlighted in the program.
Philippe Aghion is a Professor at the College de France and at the London School of Economics, and a fellow of the Econometric Society and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His research focuses on the economics of growth. With Peter Howitt, he pioneered the so-called Schumpeterian Growth paradigm which was subsequently used to analyze the design of growth policies and the role of the state in the growth process. Much of this work is summarized in their joint book Endogenous Growth Theory (MIT Press, 1998) and The Economics of Growth (MIT Press, 2009), in his book with Rachel Griffith on Competition and Growth (MIT Press, 2006), and in his survey “What Do We Learn from Schumpeterian Growth Theory” (joint with U. Akcigit and P. Howitt. His latest book, written with Céline Antonin and Simon Bunel, is The Power of Creative Destruction (Belknap Harvard, 2021).
In 2001, Philippe Aghion received the Yrjo Jahnsson Award of the best European economist under age 45, in 2009 he received the John Von Neumann Award, and in March 2020 he shared the BBVA “Frontier of Knowledge Award” with Peter Howitt for “developing an economic growth theory based on the innovation that emerges from the process of creative destruction”.
Doug Bandow is a Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute. He previously served as a Visiting Fellow at the Heritage Foundation, Visiting Scholar at the Centre for Independent Studies, Bastiat Scholar in Free Enterprise at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, Vice President of Citizen Outreach, editor of Inquiry Magazine, and a Special Assistant to President Ronald Reagan.
He is a weekly columnist for The American Conservative and Antiwar.com, writes regularly for National Interest online, 19Fortyfive.com, American Spectator online, and the Acton Institute, and formerly was a columnist with Huffington Post, Forbes online, and Copley News Service. He also has been widely published in such periodicals as Time, Newsweek, Fortune, Christianity Today, Foreign Policy, Harper’s, National Interest, National Review, New Republic, Orbis, and World, as well as leading newspapers including the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post.
Bandow has written and edited several books, including Foreign Follies: America’s New Global Empire (Xulon Press), The Korean Conundrum: America’s Troubled Relations with North and South Korea (Palgrave/Macmillan, coauthor), Tripwire: Korea and U.S. Foreign Policy in a Changed World (Cato), The Politics of Envy: Statism as Theology (Transaction), The Politics of Plunder: Misgovernment in Washington (Transaction), and Beyond Good Intentions: A Biblical View of Politics (Crossway).
He received his B.S. in Economics from Florida State University in 1976 and his J.D. from Stanford University in 1979. Bandow is a member of California and Washington, D.C. bars.
Leszek Balcerowicz (born 1947); Professor of Economics at the Warsaw School of Economics, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance in the first non-communist government in Poland after 1989 (1989-1991), and between 1997 and 2000; President of the National Bank of Poland (2001-2007). Recipient of numerous honours from universities and awards. Distinguished with Poland’s highest decoration – Order of the White Eagle (2005) – for his contribution to the reforms in Poland (2005), as well as Milton Friedman, Ludwig Erhard and Friedrich von Hayek prizes. Honorary Chairman of the Brussels think tank Bruegel and a member of the Group of Thirty. Founder and Chairman of the Council of a Warsaw-based think tank, Civil Development Forum.
Peter Boettke is a university professor of economics and philosophy at George Mason University, as well as the director of the F. A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, and BB&T Professor for the Study of Capitalism at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. Boettke has authored and coauthored thirteen books, including his most recent, Public Governance and the Classical Liberal Perspective, which was co-authored with Paul Dragos Aligica and Vlad Tarko.
He is also editor of numerous academic journals and book series, including the Review of Austrian Economics, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, and the Cambridge Studies in Economics, Choice, and Society book series with Cambridge University Press, among others. Boettke received his PhD in economics from George Mason University.
Dr. Eamonn Butler is director and cofounder of Britain’s leading free-market policy think tank, the Adam Smith Institute, and a leading author and broadcaster on economics and social issues. Westminster insiders look forward each week to his wry online commentary on politics and politicians. Butler has received many awards in recognition of his long-term commitment to furthering the market economy, such as the UK National Free Enterprise Award and the Freedom Medal of the Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge. He is honorary secretary of the Mont Pelerin Society.
Butler commissioned and raised the funding for the statue of the economist and philosopher Adam Smith (1723–1790), that stands in Edinburgh’s High Street. He has appeared in many TV and film documentaries on policy issues, such as Brexit: The Movie, and produced the two-part historical documentary Secrets of the Magna Carta.
Butler is a prolific author of books on a wide range of subjects, from economics to psychology and politics. These include easy-to-read introductions to the economists Milton Friedman, F. A. Hayek, and Adam Smith, and a short explanation of how markets work, called (modestly) The Best Book on the Market, which he wrote to be “so simple that even politicians can understand it.”
Otto Brøns-Petersen is the director for analyses at Centre for Political Studies, a Danish public policy thinktank. He is a former deputy permanent secretary for economics in the Danish Ministry of Taxation and director at The Ministry for Economic Affairs. He is the author of books and numerous articles in scientific and popular journals on economics, political science, and classical liberalism. He holds a master’s degree in economics from the University of Copenhagen and has taught economics and political science at Copenhagen University and Copenhagen Business School. He is a member of the Mont Pelerin Society.
Bruce Caldwell is a research professor of economics and the director of the Center for the History of
Political Economy at Duke University. He is the author of Beyond Positivism: Economic Methodology
in the Twentieth Century (1982) and Hayek's Challenge: An Intellectual Biography of F. A. Hayek
Since 2002 he has served as the general editor of The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek, a multivolume
collection of Hayek’s writings. A past president of the History of Economics Society and of the
Southern Economic Association, Caldwell has held research fellowships at New York University,
Cambridge University, and the London School of Economics, and is a life member of Clare Hall,
Caldwell is currently working together with Hansjoerg Klausinger on a full biography of Hayek, and is
the editor of the recently published transcripts of the first meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society,
Mont Pelerin 1947 (Hoover Press, 2022).
Rosolino Candela serves as a Senior Fellow with the F. A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, and Program Director of the Mercatus PhD Fellowship program, both at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. He is also a Member of the Graduate Faculty in the Department of Economics at George Mason University, and serves as a Book Review Editor for The Review of Austrian Economics. Rosolino earned his Ph.D. in Economics from George Mason University, and as a graduate student at GMU, was also a Visiting Ph.D. Fellow at the European University Institute in Fiesole, Italy. Prior to returning to the Mercatus Center, Rosolino taught in the Department of Economics at Brown University, during which time he was a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Political Theory Project. Rosolino has also held appointments as a Visiting Professor of Economics at Universidad Francisco Marroquín, and a Visiting Professor at the University of Bucharest. Rosolino was the recipient of The Gordon Tullock Prize in 2019 for Best Paper in Public Choice by a Junior Scholar and editor of the forthcoming Companion to F.A. Hayek, published by Universidad Francisco Marroquín Press.
Gabriel Calzada is founder of the brand-new Universidad de las Hespérides, and former president of Universidad Francisco Marroquin, the pioneering free-market university in Guatemala. He is acting president of the Mont Pelerin Society and a board member of the Rising Tide Foundation. He was president of the Association of Private Enterprise Education. Gabriel was a member of the advisory board of the John Templeton Foundation, and currently is a member of the advisory board of Students for Liberty. In his native Spain, he was the founding president of Juan de Mariana Institute, a think-tank known for the impact of its innovative research. Gabriel’s 2009 study on the negative impact of the Spanish government’s promotion of “green jobs” along with his testimony before the U.S. Congress helped bury that initiative. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Universidad Rey Juan Carlos in Spain. He has served as a professor of Economics at IE University and Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Gabriel also specializes in environmental and energy economics, the Austrian business cycle, and defense economics. He spends his weekends rediscovering the coast and mountains of his native island Gran Canaria with his wife Karen, three daughters, and two border collies.
Professor Diane Coyle is the Bennett Professor of Public Policy at the University of Cambridge. Diane co-directs the Bennett Institute where she heads research under the themes of progress and productivity. Her new book ‘Cogs and Monsters’ looks at how economics needs to change, while her previous book, ‘Markets, State and People – Economics for Public Policy’ examines how societies reach decisions about the use and allocation of economic resources.
Diane is also a Director of the Productivity Institute, a Fellow of the Office for National Statistics, an expert adviser to the National Infrastructure Commission, and Senior Independent Member of the ESRC Council. She has served in public service roles including as Vice Chair of the BBC Trust, member of the Competition Commission, of the Migration Advisory Committee and of the Natural Capital Committee. Diane was Professor of Economics at the University of Manchester until March 2018 and was awarded a CBE for her contribution to the public understanding of economics in the 2018 New Year Honours.
Diane’s research interests include economic statistics and the digital economy, competition policy and digital markets, economics of new technologies, natural capital, and infrastructure.
Her books include GDP: A Brief but Affectionate History, The Economics of Enough, The Soulful Science, The Weightless World and Cogs and Monsters. Her recent papers have been published by Science, Review of International Political Economy, Nature, Antitrust Law Journal, and Regional Studies.
Aurelian Craiutu is Professor of Political Science at Indiana University, Bloomington where he also directs the Tocqueville Program. He earned his Ph.D. in political theory from Princeton University (1999). Professor Craiutu’s publications include Liberalism under Siege: The Political Thought of the French Doctrinaires (2003), Tocqueville on America after 1840 (2009; with Jeremy Jennings), A Virtue for Courageous Minds: Moderation in French Political Thought, 1748-1830 (2012), and Faces of Moderation: The Art of Balance in an Age of Extremes (2017).
Dr. Craiutu also edited (with Liberty Fund) Jacques Necker’s On Executive Power in Great States (2020), Madame de Staël’s Considerations on the Principal Events of the French Revolution (2008) and François Guizot’s History of the Origins of Representative Government in Europe (2002). His forthcoming book, Letters to Young Radicals: How to Be a Principled Moderate will be published by Cambridge University Press. He has received awards and grants from many institutions including the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, the National Endowment for Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies, the James Madison Center (Princeton University), and the Earhart Foundation.
Dr. Erwin Dekker is Senior Research Fellow with the F. A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in
Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. He has
recently published Jan Tinbergen (1903-1994) and the Rise of Economic Expertise (2021) and The
Viennese Students of Civilization (2016), as well as the edited volume Governing Markets as
Knowledge Commons (2021) all with Cambridge University Press. He has published in journals in the
history of economics, methodology of economics, cultural economics and economic sociology. He is
currently working on a history of the intellectual descendants of the German Historical School as well
as a project on markets at the margins of society, so-called grey zones. He has previously worked as
assistant professor of cultural economics at the Erasmus University of Rotterdam.
Bill Emmott is a writer and consultant best known for his 13 years as editor in chief of The Economist in 1993-2006, a publication he first joined in 1980 and served in Brussels, Tokyo and London. He is now variously chairman of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, chairman of the board of Trinity College Dublin’s Long Room Hub for Arts & Humanities, chairman of the Japan Society of the UK, chairman of the International Trade Institute, co-director of the Global Commission for Post-Pandemic Policy and a member of the Comitatio Scientifico of the Centro Einaudi in Turin. He lives in Dublin and Oxford.
In 2017-18 he was a Visiting Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford, is an honorary fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, and is an Ushioda Fellow of Tokyo College, a new research institute at the University of Tokyo. He is a regular contributor to La Stampa, Nikkei Business, Mainichi Shimbun and Project Syndicate. In 2016 the Japanese government awarded him the “Order of the Rising Sun: Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon” for services to UK-Japan relations.
Bill is the author of 14 books variously on Japan, Asia, the 20th century and Italy. His latest English work, “The Fate of the West – the battle to save the world’s most successful political idea”, was published in 2017. His latest Japanese work, “Japan’s Far More Female Future”, was published by Nikkei in June 2019 and an expanded English version will be published by Oxford University Press in the summer of 2020. He was presenter and co-author of a documentary about Italy, “Girlfriend in a Coma” (2013) and executive producer of “The Great European Disaster Movie” (2015), both shown on the BBC.
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Lars P. Feld, University of Freiburg, Walter Eucken Institute and German Council of Economic Experts
Lars P. Feld has been holding a chair of Economics, in particular Economic Policy, at Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg since 2010 and is the current Director of the Walter Eucken Institute. After his studies in Economics at the University of Saarland (Germany) Lars P. Feld graduated from University of St. Gallen in 1999 and qualified for a professorship in 2002. From 2002 to 2006, he worked as a professor of economics, with a focus on public economics, at Philipps-University Marburg, and from 2006 to 2010 at the Ruprecht-Karls-University Heidelberg. He is a member of Leopoldina (the German National Academy of Sciences), the Kronberger Kreis – scientific council of the think tank Stiftung Marktwirtschaft –, and the Mont Pelerin Society. From 2007 to 2009, he was president of the European Public Choice Society.
Since 2003, Lars P. Feld has been a member of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Federal Ministry of Finance and, since 2011, a member of the German Council of Economic Experts (GCEE). He currently represents the GCEE in the Independent Advisory Council of the Stability Council, Germany’s construction of a fiscal council. In 2017, he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Lucerne in Switzerland.
Ralf Fücks is managing director of the Center for Liberal Modernity, following 21 years as president of the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, the political foundation associated with the Greens. At the centre of his work were green economics and ecological innovation, migration, the future of Europe and international politics. Before that he was co-chair of the German Green Party (1989/90) and Senator of Environment and City Development in Bremen.
Fücks is considered a pioneer thinker, seeking cross-party discourse. He is an advocate for liberal ecology politics, focusing on innovation rather than prohibition. Of special importance to him is a dialogue with the business community, which he considers an invaluable actor of a “green industrial revolution”.
Fücks is a regular contributor to national and international media and co-author to numerous books. In 1991, he was editor of the book “Sind die Grünen noch zu retten?” (Is There a Future for the Green Party?). In 2013 his book “Intelligent Wachsen – Die grüne Revolution” (Smart Growth – The Green Revolution) was published in German, followed by English, Polish and Russian editions. His second book, “Freiheit verteidigen – wie wir den Kampf um die offene Gesellschaft gewinnen” (Defending Freedom – How We Can Win The Fight For An Open Society) is dealing with the challenge liberal democracy is facing at home and globally. In September 2019, the anthology “Soziale Marktwirtschaft ökologisch erneuern“ (“Greening the Social Market Economy”) was published by Fücks together with Thomas Köhler at the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.
Nils Goldschmidt, born 1970, is Professor of Contextual Economics and Economic Education at the University of Siegen. He is also Director of the Center for Economic Education in Siegen and Director of the Center for Teacher Training and Education Research. Previously, he was Professor of Social Policy and Social Administration at the Munich University of Applied Sciences (2010-2013) and Temporary Professor of Social Policy and the Organization of Social Services at University of the German Federal Armed Forces (2008-2010).
In addition, he is director of the Alliance for Social Market Economy (Aktionsgemeinschaft Soziale Marktwirtschaft), Board member of the Wilhelm-Röpke-Institute, the Goerres Society, as well as Affiliated Fellow at the Walter Eucken Institute. He is Member of the Advisory Board of the Roman Herzog Institute, the Catholic Socioscientific Center, and Board of directors, International Research Area on Catholic Social Doctrine, Pontifical Lateran University, Rome. He is Co-editor at Journal of Contextual Economics/Schmollers Jahrbuch, ORDO – Yearbook of Economic and Social Order and the Journal for Politics (Zeitschrift für Politik).
Nils Goldschmidt studied Catholic theology and economics at the University of Freiburg. He finished his PhD in economics in 2001 and his habiliation in 2008, both at the University of Freiburg. His major fields of research are in New Institutional Economics, Economic Education, Economic and Social Policy, History and Methodology of Economics, Economic Ethics and Cultural Economics.
Hans Peter Grüner is Professor of Economics, Economic Policy at the University of Mannheim. His research focuses on the design of political and economic institutions, financial and monetary policy, political reforms, capital markets and the distribution of wealth.
He studied economics and mathematics at Heidelberg University. He holds a doctorate degree from Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris, and he received his Habilitation from the University of Bonn. At Mannheim, he served as dean of the faculty of law and economics, and he is a member of the academic senate.
He has been a consultant to several companies and institutions including the Union Bank of Switzerland, BMW, the European Commission and the European Central Bank, and received fellowships from EU-Commission and the European Central Bank. He is an adjunct professor at the Hertie School in Berlin, a Research Fellow of CEPR, London, and serves on the editorial board of the European Journal of Political Economy. Academic visits to the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, Oxford University, University of Pennsylvania, London Business School, the London School of Economics, University College London, and the Hebrew University Jerusalem.
Grüner has published in leading international journals, including the American Economic Review, Econometrica, the Economic Journal, the Journal of the European Economic Association, the Journal of Economic Theory and the Journal of Public Economics, and he regularly contributes to policy debates in the German media.
Bernard Hoekman is Professor and Director, Global Economics at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute in Florence, Italy. Prior positions include Director of the International Trade Department and Research Manager in the Development Research Group of the World Bank. He has been an economist in the GATT Secretariat and held visiting positions at SciencesPo, Paris.
A graduate of the Erasmus University Rotterdam, he obtained his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan. He is a CEPR Research Fellow, where he also co-directs the Trade Policy Research Network; a Senior Associate of the Economic Research Forum for the Arab countries, Turkey and Iran; and a member of the World Economic Forum Global Action Council on Logistics and Supply Chains.
Recent publications include Trade in the 21st Century: Back to the Past? (Co-edited with Ernesto Zedillo), Washington DC: Brookings Institution 2021, Value Chain Approaches to Reducing Policy Spillovers on International Business (with Christopher Findlay), Journal of International Business Policy 2020, Rethinking International Subsidy Rules (with Douglas Nelson), The World Economy 2020, Foreign Participation in Public Procurement and Firm Performance: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa (with Marco Sanfilippo), Review of World Economics 2020, EU Services Trade Liberalization and Economic Regulation: Complements or Substitutes? (with Matteo Fiorini), Review of International Organizations 2020, Behind-the-Border Policies: Assessing and Addressing Non-Tariff Measures, (Co-edited with Joseph Francois), Cambridge University Press 2019.
Karen Horn, born in 1966, teaches history of economic thought and journalism at the
University of Erfurt, Germany. She also serves as editor-in-chief of a scholarly journal
published by the German Economic Association (“Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik”,
Perspectives of Economic Policy), and manages the conferences and publishing projects of
the Herbert Giersch Foundation, devoted to globalization issues. She is co-founder and co-
chair of NOUS, an international academic network for constitutional economics and social
philosophy. Her academic interests are located at the intersection of philosophy, economics,
political science and history. In her teaching and research, she mainly focusses on the work
of Adam Smith, Friedrich Hayek, James M. Buchanan and the German “ordoliberals”. She
holds a doctorate in economics from the University of Lausanne, Switzerland.
Earlier in her career, Karen was an economic policy and science editor at Frankfurter
Allgemeine Zeitung, Germany’s leading daily newspaper, and then head of the Berlin office
of IW Köln, a large private economic research institute. She was awarded with the Ludwig
Erhard Prize for economic journalism in 2010. She regularly writes for various German,
French and English language media and also appears on TV and radio. She has authored
several books, e.g. “Roads to Wisdom – Conversations with Ten Nobel Laureates” (Elgar
2009), “Hayek für jedermann” (Hayek for everybody, FAZ Buch 2013) and “Ökonomische
Hausapotheke” (Economic medicine chest, NZZ Libro 2019). She lives in Zurich, Switzerland.
Hans Christian Garmann Johnsen is Professor at the Department of Working Life and Innovation at the School of Business and Law at the University of Agder. He holds an MBA from the Norwegian School of Economics and gained his PhD at the Copenhagen Business School.
In addition to his position at the University of Agder, Garmann Johnsen is and Visiting Professor at Deusto University in Spain. Garmann Johnsen has been adjunct Professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Senior Researcher at NORCE and visiting scholar at several universities including UC Berkeley and Cornell in the USA, and Kingston University in the UK.
For several years, Garmann Johnsen has been involved in national research programs on collaborative innovation. His research has resulted in a number of articles in journals, such as Regional Studies, Science and Public Policy, International Journal of Action Research and The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence. His latest books are published by Gower, Springer and Routledge. His latest books are: Johnsen, Hans Christian Garmann; Holtskog, Halvor; Ennals, Richard (2018). Coping with the Future: Rethinking Assumptions for Society, Business and Work. London: Routledge; Johnsen, Hans Christian Garmann; Hauge, Elisabeth S.; Magnussen, May-Linda; Ennals, Richard (2016). Applied social science research in a regional knowledge system. London: Routledge. Johnsen, Hans Christian Garmann; Torjesen, Stina; Ennals, Richard (2015). Higher Education in a Sustainable Society. Heidelberg: Springer; Johnsen, Hans Christian Garmann (2014). The New Natural Resource: Knowledge Development, Society and Economics. London: Routledge.
Garmann Johnsen is a specialist in the study of working life and innovation. He is Managing Editor of European Journal of Workplace Innovation, and Center leader for Centre for Advanced Studies in Regional Innovation Strategy (RIS -Centre). He currently teaches Philosophy of Science at two universities: University of Agder and Duesto University in San Sebastian, Spain.
Professor Nils Karlson is the founder of the Ratio Institute in Stockholm and a visiting fellow at
Stanford University, Hoover Institution. He is an economist and political scientist, Professor in
Political Science at Linköping University. His research is focused on the interaction between politics,
markets and civil society in Western democracies and welfare states.
He has published over 30 books and numerous academic papers. He is a trustee of the board of the
Mont Pelerin Society and a member of the Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. His books in
English include Statecraft and Liberal Reform in Advanced Democracies (Palgrave MacMillan 2018),
The State of State. An Inquiry Concerning the Role of Invisible Hands in Politics and Civil Society
(Almquist & Wiksell International 1993, also published by Transaction Press 2002, and Routledge
2017), and Bureaucrats or Markets in Innovation Policy? (Ratio/Publit 2019) with Sandström, C and
Justus Haucap is the founding director of the Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE) at Heinrich-Heine-University of Düsseldorf. From 2006 to 2014 he served as a member of the German Monopolies Commission, which he also chaired for four years (2008-2012). He is also a member of both the German Academy of Technical Sciences (acatech) and the Northrhine-Westfalian Academy of Sciences and Arts, as well as acting vice chairman of the German Networks Agency’s council of scientific advisors. He has been named one of Germany’s 30 most influential economists for the last six years in a row by the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Germany’s leading daily newspaper.
After studying economics in Saarbrücken (Germany) and Ann Arbor (Michigan, USA) and pursuing doctoral studies at the University of Saarland, he held positions at the University of California at Berkeley, the New Zealand Treasury, the University of the Federal Armed Forces in Hamburg, the Ruhr-University of Bochum and the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg.
His research mainly focuses on competition and antitrust issues as well as the regulation of network industries and digital markets. He regularly advises public institutions such as the European Parliament, the German Ministry of Economics and Energy, the German Ministry of Finance, as well as many private firms and associations. Recently, he has co-authored an influential report to the German Government on options for competition law reform regarding the abuse of market power in digital markets. Justus Haucap is also the leading editor of Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, the policy journal of the German Economic Association.
Professor Ikenberry is the author of eight books, most recently, A World Safe for Democracy: Liberal Internationalism in the Making of Modern World Order (Yale, 2020), which was a finalist for the Arthur Ross Book Award, listed as “Best of the Year” by Foreign Policy magazine, and listed at Editors’ Best of the Year by Foreign Affairs. Other books include: Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American System (Princeton, 2011); and After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order after Major Wars (Princeton, 2001), which won the 2002 Schroeder-Jervis Award presented by the American Political Science Association for the best book in international history and politics. He is also co-editor of several new edited books, The Age of Hiroshima (Princeton, 2020), with Michael Gordin, and The Crisis of Liberal Internationalism: Japan and the World Order (Brookings, 2019), with Yoichi Funabashi. Among his many activities, Professor Ikenberry served as a member of the Policy Planning Staff in 1991-92, as a member of an advisory group at the State Department in 2003-04, and as a member of the Council on Foreign Relations Task Force on U.S.-European relations, the so-called Kissinger-Summers commission. He is also a reviewer of books on political and legal affairs for Foreign Affairs.
Stefan Kolev is a professor of political economy at the University of Applied Sciences Zwickau and academic director of the Ludwig Erhard Forum for Economy and Society in Berlin and deputy director of the Wilhelm Röpke Institute in Erfurt, Germany. Originally from Bulgaria, Stefan studied economics and business administration at the University of Hamburg and holds a PhD in economics from the University of Hamburg. During his undergraduate and graduate studies, he was fellow of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. After finishing his dissertation on the political economy of neoliberalism, he conducted a project on the centrally planned economy of former East Germany at the Hamburg Institute of International Economics HWWI.
Stefan’s research focuses on the history of economic thought, especially ordoliberalism and Austrian economics, on economic sociology, especially Max Weber, and on constitutional political economy. He was visiting researcher at the Bulgarian National Bank, at Duke University’s Center for the History of Political Economy, and at Indiana University Bloomington’s Ostrom Workshop. He is a founding member of the Network for Constitutional Economics and Social Philosophy NOUS, advisory board member of the Alliance for the Social Market Economy ASM, and member of the Walter Eucken Institute.
Stefan co-edits the ORDO Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft as well as the Journal of Contextual Economics – Schmollers Jahrbuch. He has been member of the Mont Pèlerin Society since 2013 and has published on the Society’s history as seen from its founding generation.
Finn Kydland is the Jeffrey Henley Professor of Economics at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Professor Kydland received his B.A. from Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) and his Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University. After previous appointments at Norwegian School of Economics, CMU, and the University of Texas at Austin, he joined the UCSB faculty in 2004, where he is also the director of the Laboratory for Aggregate Economics and Finance (LAEF). He is a Research Associate for the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
He was elected a Fellow of the Econometric Society in 1992. Professor Kydland was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004 jointly with Professor Edward Prescott of Arizona State University. Professors Kydland and Prescott received the Prize for their research on business cycles and macroeconomic policy, specifically, the driving forces behind business cycles and for the finding that optimal government policy is time inconsistent – a commitment mechanism is needed to ensure its successful implementation.
Maxwell Marlow is a Masters student at the London School of Economics, reading for an MA in Modern History. He graduated with a First Class joint honours degree in Politics and History from LSE. He was President of the LSE Hayek Society for two consecutive terms. He also works as a Development Officer at the Adam Smith Institute, a Fellow at the Consumer Choice Center, and he is a Don Lavoie Fellow at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. He has been published in the Daily Telegraph, the Spectator, Capitalism Magazine, and the Daily Mail.
Franziska Meifort is a postdoctoral researcher at Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Germany. She studied History and English Philology in Hanover and Berlin. After stays abroad in the US and the UK she worked at the German Bundestag and in a Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) research project at Freie Universität Berlin. At the Federal Archives in Koblenz she was responsible for sorting and arranging the Dahrendorf papers and created a finding aid for the record.
In 2016, she received a Ph.D. from Freie Universität Berlin for her dissertation on Ralf Dahrendorf and his role as a public intellectual. For her dissertation, she was awarded with the Wolf-Erich-Kellner-Prize for outstanding research on the intellectual history of liberalism in 2016.
Franziska Meifort’s research interests include European and transatlantic history of the 19th and 20th centuries, intellectual history and history of ideas, and the German culture of remembrance since 1945. Currently, she is working on a project on social practices of the elites in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Nataliya Melnyk is executive director of Bendukidze Free Market Center (BFMC), an independent Ukrainian think tank founded in 2015 to unleash Ukraine’s economic potential through policy recommendations, research and educational programs that promote private initiative, responsibility and equal rules for everyone.
She is co-creator of Teacher’s Toolkit for Common Sense Economics as part of Economic Fundamentals Initiative, editor of the Ukrainian version of Fraser Institute’s Economic Freedom of the World 2018 and 2019 Reports and editor of Economics for 8-9 Grades textbook. She has also translated Johan Norberg’s book Progress into Ukrainian.
Postgraduate researcher at Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies, conducted research on issues of national sovereignty in the globalized world and political identification in Ukrainian society. Also published articles on Polish-Ukrainian relations. Development and Event Manager at the International Center for Reforms. Graduated from the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Master’s Degree in European Studies and Bachelor’s Degree in Political Science.
Deirdre Nansen McCloskey is professor emerita of economics, history, English, and communication at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Trained as an economist at Harvard in the 1960s, but wandering since, she has written twenty-five books and about five hundred academic and popular articles on economics, history, rhetoric, philosophy, statistics, feminism, queer studies, liberalism, ethics, and law. She taught economics 1968-80 at the University of Chicago during its glory days, but now describes herself as a “literary, quantitative, postmodern, free-market, progressive-Anglican, ex-marxoid, Midwestern woman from Boston who was once a man, a Christian classical liberal.”
She is well known for her 2019 Why Liberalism Works: How True Liberal Values Produce a Freer, More Equal, Prosperous World for All , and her economic, historical, and literary trilogy The Bourgeois Era (2006, 2010, 2016), and for The Rhetoric of Economics (1985, 1999), If You’re So Smart: The Narrative of Economic Expertise (1990), Crossing: A Memoir (1999; 2019 with an Afterword), and with Stephen Ziliak The Cult of Statistical Significance (2008). Books in press include Bettering Humanomics: A New, and Old, Way to Do Economics (2021), and with Art Carden Leave Me Alone and I’ll Make You Rich: How the Bourgeois Deal Enriched the World (2020), plus Against Positivism, Behaviorism, and Neo-institutionalism (U of Chicago Press 2022).
Johan Norberg is an author, lecturer and documentary filmmaker, born in Sweden. His books, translated into more than 25 languages, include In Defence of Global Capitalism, Progress and most recently Open: The Story of Human Progress – a book of the year in The Economist and El Mundo. His most recent film for US public television is Corporate Welfare: Where’s the Outrage? He also has a video series on the history of innovation, New and Improved.
Norberg is a Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute in Washington D.C. and the European Centre for International Political Economy in Brussels. He received his M. A. in the History of Ideas from the University of Stockholm. For his work, Norberg has received several awards, including the Distinguished Sir Antony Fisher Memorial Award from the Atlas Foundation, the Walter Judd Freedom Award, the Julian Simon Memorial Award, and the gold medal from the German Hayek Stiftung.
Lars Peder Nordbakken is an economist with the liberal think tank Civita in Oslo, Norway, and a frequent writer and commentator on a range of political and economic policy issues. Nordbakken is also actively engaged with the history of economic and political ideas and with the continuing task of interpreting and renewing liberalism in response to a changing world.
His most recent book, Liberale tenker for vår tid (Liberal Thinkers for Our Time, 2017), presents, for the first time in Norway, a series of intellectual portraits of the main thinkers behind the revival of liberalism in Europe after the Second World War, including many prominent former members of the Mont Pelerin Society. His other major work is a book on the preconditions for the productive dynamism of a liberal market economy, Muligheter for alle (Opportunities for Everyone, 2006).
Nordbakken is currently working on a new book on the principles of liberal economic policy, combining insights from Austrian, institutional and ordoliberal thinking. Nordbakken is also a board member of the foundation Liberalt forskningsinstitutt (Liberal Research Institute) and a business strategy consultant, and has for many years served on a senior executive level in the financial- and payment-services industry. He graduated from the Norwegian School of Economics in Bergen in 1980. Lars Peder has been a member of the Mont Pelerin Society since 2010 and a frequent participant since 2008, and is chairing the Organizing Committee of the General Meeting in Oslo, Norway, September 1–5, 2020.
Tom G. Palmer is educated was a political theorist at St. John’s College in Annapolis, the Catholic University of America, and the University of Oxford. He is the author of Realizing Freedom: Libertarian Theory, Practice, and History and has edited or contributed to a number of books.
His current interests include the political ideology of populism, the re-emergence of nationalist forms of illiberalism, many of which draw on or attempt to extend the fascist and national socialist thought of the last century, and the problems of building effective limited governments and keeping them limited. He has completed co-editing a volume on truth and governance for the Ethikon Institute and the Brookings Institution.
Palmer holds the George M. Yeager Chair for Advancing Liberty at Atlas Network, a global network of over 500 think tanks in 100 countries, where he is also executive vice president for international program. He is a senior fellow and former vice president for international programs of the Cato Institute. He has worked with liberal organizations and thinkers internationally for several decades, which included smuggling books, photocopiers, and fax machines into the USSR and its satellite countries and working with classical liberal organizations from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.
Mark Pennington is Professor of Political Economy and Public Policy at King’s College University of London, where he is also Head of the Department of Political Economy and Director of the Centre for the Study of Governance and Society. His research lies at the intersection of politics, philosophy and economics with a particular focus on the role of ‘non-ideal’ theorising. This is best exemplified in his 2011 book Robust Political Economy: Classical Liberalism and the Future of Public Policy.
Mark has written most recently on the poltical economy of the Covid 19 pandemic. He is currently writing a new book on Foucualt and Liberal Political Economy.
Thomas Philippon is the Max L. Heine Professor of Finance at New York University, Stern School of Business. Philippon was named one of the “top 25 economists under 45” by the IMF in 2014. He has won the 2013 Bernácer Prize for Best European Economist under 40, the 2010 Michael Brennan & BlackRock Award, the 2009 Prize for Best Young French Economist, and the 2008 Brattle Prize for the best paper in Corporate Finance.
Philippon has studied various topics in macroeconomics and finance: systemic risk and financial crisis, the dynamics of corporate investment and household debt, financial innovation and financial regulation, Eurozone crisis. His recent book The Great Reversal (Harvard Press, 2019) focuses on the increasing market power of large firms.
He currently serves as an academic advisor to the Financial Stability Board and to the Hong Kong Institute for Monetary and Financial Research. He was previously an advisor to the New York Federal Reserve Bank, a board member of the French prudential regulatory authority from 2014 to 2019, and the senior economic advisor to the French finance minister in 2012-2013.
Philippon graduated from Ecole Polytechnique, received a PhD in Economics from MIT and joined New York University in 2003.
Benjamin Powell is the executive director of the Free Market Institute at Texas Tech University, a professor of economics in the Rawls College of Business, and a senior fellow with the Independent Institute. He is the secretary-treasurer of the Southern Economic Association and the Association of Private Enterprise Education. He earned his BS in economics and finance from the University of Massachusetts at Lowell, and his MA and PhD in economics from George Mason University.
Powell is the author of Out of Poverty: Sweatshops in the Global Economy, co-author of Socialism Sucks: Two Economists Drink Their Way Through the Unfree World, and editor or coeditor of four other books, including The Economics of Immigration: Market-Based Approaches, Social Science, and Public Policy. He is author of more than seventy-five scholarly articles and policy studies. Powell’s research findings have been reported in hundreds of popular press outlets including the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times.
He also writes frequently for the popular press. His popular writing has appeared in the Chicago Tribune, the New York Post, the Dallas Morning News, and many other outlets. He has appeared on numerous radio and television shows broadcast on Fox News, CNN, MSNBC, Showtime, and CNBC, and he was a regular guest commentator on Fox Business’s Freedom Watch and Stossel.
Jurgen Reinhoudt is affiliated with the Hoover Institution at Stanford University as a Research Associate. He is a member of NOUS (the Network for constitutional economics and social philosophy). His research areas include the contributions of Jacques Rueff, early neo-liberal thought, the role of the State in economic governance, and the tension between conservatism and classical liberalism. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Pennsylvania.
Dalibor Rohac is a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), where he studies political
economy of the European Union, a research associate at the Wilfried Martens Centre for European
Studies in Brussels, and author of In Defense of Globalism (Rowman and Littlefield, October 2019).
His previous book, Towards an Imperfect Union: A Conservative Case for the EU (Rowman and
Littlefield), was included on Foreign Affairs magazine’s list of best books of 2016.
Rohac has written about European affairs for The Washington Post, The New York Times, Financial
Times, The Wall Street Journal, Foreign Affairs, and many other outlets and has appeared on news
outlets including BBC, Bloomberg Television, Fox News, and Fox Business. He holds a PhD in political
economy from King’s College London, master’s degrees from Oxford University and George Mason
University, and an undergraduate degree in economics from Charles University in Prague.
Christian Sandström, PhD, is senior associate professor at Jönköping International Business School and the Ratio Institute in Stockholm, Sweden.
His research concerns digitalization, sustainability, innovation policy, and the role of states and markets. Sandström has recently published the book Questioning the Entrepreneurial State together with professor Karl Wennberg.
Questioning the Entrepreneurial State: https://link.springer.
Born in Milano, 1947. Jean Monnet Professor, ad personam Chair, in European Economic Integration at Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University (AYBU), Faculty of Political Sciences, Department of Economics. He firstly obtained his JM Chair in 1997 at Brescia University (Italy).
At AYBU he delivers courses on Integration Theories, EU Policies and History of Economic Thought.
He has taught in various European and Latin American Universities.
His research work is focused on the EU integration and on the classical liberal thought.
He has published his research work in books and articles on various academic journals. On Luigi Einaudi he has published among other works: Luigi Einaudi, the Father of the ‘Fathers of Europe’, Cambridge Scholar Publishing, 2017 and Luigi Einaudi, the European Federation and the ECB’s Monetary Policy. Seen by Francesco Forte, International Advances in Economic Research, Vol. 23, 2017.
Member of the Mont Pelerin Society, American Economic Association, Rotary Club Ankara International and Ordine Nazionale dei Giornalisti, Roma.
Jan Schnellenbach holds the Chair of Microeconomics at Brandenburg University of Technology at Cottbus (Germany). Previously, he has received a PhD in economics at the University of St. Gallen (Switzerland) in 2003, with a dissertation on fiscal federalism. After this, he had been a post-doc in economics at the Universities of Marburg and Heidelberg, and a senior researcher at the Walter Eucken Institute at Freiburg, before moving to Cottbus in 2014. His main research interests are in the fields of public finance, in particular federalism, and in the intersection of public choice and behavioral economics. In particular, he has been engaged in academic debates on so-called libertarian paternalism, and in applying behavioral economics to analyzing the process of economic policymaking itself. He also has a keen interest in the history of classical liberalism.
Jan Schnellenbach has published in journals such as the European Economic Review, the European Journal of Political Economy, Public Choice, and the Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. He is a member of the Mont Pelerin Society since 2012, and also active in the Network for Constitutional Economics and Social Philosophy (NOUS), of which he is a co-founder.
Professor of Economics at Camilo José Cela University in Madrid, H also visits Buckingham University every year as a specialist of monetary theory and policy. For many years he taught the History of Economic Thought at different Spanish Universities. His first degree was in Law at the Complutensian University of Madrid. Then he received a Doctorate in Political Thought and a Master’s in Economics at the London School of Economics. Lionel Robbins oversaw his thesis on John Stuart Mill. He also worked with Karl Popper at the LSE. He failed as a politician but was more successful as an essayist. He was President of the MPS from 2104 to 2016.
Mark Skousen, Ph. D., was recently named one of the top 20 living economists in the world (www.superscholar.org). He has the unique distinction of having worked for the government (CIA), non-profits (president of FEE), and the private sector.
In 2004-05, he taught economics and finance at Columbia Business School and Columbia University. He has also taught at Chapman University, Mercy College, Barnard College, and Rollins College. Since 1980, Skousen has been editor in chief of Forecasts & Strategies, a popular award-winning investment newsletter (www.markskousen.com).
He was an economic analyst for the Central Intelligence Agency, a columnist to Forbes magazine, chairman of Investment U, and past president of the Foundation for Economic Education (FEE) in New York. He is the editor of his own website, www.mskousen.com, and is the producer of FreedomFest, “the world’s largest gathering of free minds,” which meets every July in Las Vegas (www.freedomfest.com). He has written for the Wall Street Journal, Forbes, and the Christian Science Monitor, and has made regular appearances on CNBC’s Kudlow & Co. and C-SPAN Book TV. His bestsellers include The Making of Modern Economics, Investing in One Lesson, and The Maxims of Wall Street.
In 2006, he compiled and edited The Completed Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin (Regnery). His latest book is A Viennese Waltz Down Wall Street: Austrian Economics for Investors. In honor of his work in economics, finance and management, Grantham University renamed its business school, “The Mark Skousen School of Business.”
Krassen Stanchev teaches Public Choice, Macroeconomic Analysis and Public Sector economics at Sofia University. He is also a Board Chairman, founder and former (1993-2006) Executive Director of the Institute for Market Economics in Sofia and a former member and committee chairman of the Constitutional Assembly of Bulgaria (1990-1991), one of the most quoted Bulgarian observers. He was a principle drafter and leader of reforms from central planning to market economy in Bulgaria, “new” Europe, the Balkans and former USSR.
He is a board member of Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, a member of Mont Pelerin Society, and of the Network for Constitutional Economics and Social Philosophy (NOUS). For his research, consulting and other activities he has been, among others, awarded Best Country Analyst by EuroMoney (1996), and For Overall Contribution to Democracy and Reforms, by the Government of Bulgaria (in 2001)
Lotta Stern is the CEO of Ratio and a professor of sociology at Stockholm University. Her research focus mostly on organizational and labor market issues, often within the Swedish context. Her research has been published in American Journal of Sociology, European Sociological Review, Public Choice and Rationality and Society.
Marian L. Tupy is the editor of HumanProgress.org, a senior fellow at the Center for Global Liberty and Prosperity, and coauthor of The Simon Abundance Index. He specializes in globalization and global well‐being and politics and economics of Europe and Southern Africa.
Tupy is the coauthor of Superabundance: The Story of Population Growth, Innovation, and Human Flourishing on an Infinitely Bountiful Planet (2022) and Ten Global Trends Every Smart Person Should Know: And Many Others You Will Find Interesting (2020).
His articles have been published in the Financial Times, the Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, the Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic, Newsweek, the U.K. Spectator, Foreign Policy, and various other outlets both in the United States and overseas. He has appeared on BBC, CNN, CNBC, MSNBC, Fox News, Fox Business, and other channels.
Tupy received his BA in international relations and classics from the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, and his PhD in international relations from the University of St. Andrews in Great Britain.
Karen Vaughn is Emerita Professor of Economics at George Mason University. She is currently Distinguished Senior Fellow with the F. A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics and Economics at the Mercatus Center. During her twenty-six year tenure as a professor at George Mason, she was a founding member of the Center for the Study of Market Processes, was instrumental in recruiting James Buchanan and the Center for the Study of Public Choice to relocate to George Mason and for seven years served as Department Chair. Professor Vaughn is past president of the History of Economics Society and past president of the Southern Economic Association. She was also the founder and the first president of the Society for the Development of Austrian Economics. In addition to publishing numerous articles in the history of economic thought and in Austrian Economics, she is the author of John Locke: Economist and Social Scientist, Austrian Economics in America and most recently. Essays in Austrian Economics and Political Economy.
Lawrence H. White is Professor of Economics at George Mason University. He is a Distinguished
Senior Fellow of the Mercatus Center’s F. A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy,
Politics, and Economics, and a nonresident Senior Fellow of the Cato Institute. His latest books
are The Clash of Economic Ideas (Cambridge University Press, 2012) and (as co-editor) Renewing the
Search for a Monetary Constitution (Cato Institute, 2015). He is currently working on Better Money:
Gold, Fiat, or Bitcoin? Best known for his work on market-based monetary systems, White is also
author of Free Banking in Britain (Cambridge 1984; 2 nd ed. IEA 1995), Competition and Currency (NYU
1989), and The Theory of Monetary Institutions (Blackwell 1999).
His research has appeared in the American Economic Review, the Journal of Money, Credit, and
Banking, and other leading economics journals. His popular writings have appeared in The Wall St.
Journal and elsewhere. He hosts bimonthly podcasts for Econ Journal Watch Audio, and blogs at Alt-
Ambassador Alan Wm. Wolff now serves as a Distinguishing Visiting Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, after his term ended as Deputy Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on March 31, 2021.
He served as Co-Acting Director-General of the organization during the six-month transition to the current WTO’s leadership. He has written extensively on the international trading system and lectured on that subject at universities and other venues around the world.
He has a long and distinguished career in international trade as a leading legal practitioner, and as a trade negotiator.
He has served as General Counsel of the Office of the Special Representative for Trade Negotiations, Deputy U.S. Trade Representative and represented the United State for the drafting of the Articles of Agreement of the African Development Fund. Before joining the WTO, he was Chairman of the National Foreign Trade Council, the oldest American organization dedicated to open markets. At the WTO he had responsibility for oversight of divisions handling accessions, standards, environment, and agriculture. He is a founder of the Trade for Peace Initiative.
Many of Ambassador Wolff’s essays on international trade topics are available at:
Peterson Institute for International Trade (PIIE): https://www.piie.com/experts/senior-research-staff/alan-wm-wolff;
World Trade Organization (WTO): https://www.wto.org/english/news_e/archive_e/ddgaw_arc_e.htm;
and Fortune Magazine:
Michael Wohlgemuth is an economist and Research Director at the Foundation for Economic
Governance and Public Law (Stiftung für Staatsrecht und Ordnungspolitik) in Liechtenstein. He has an
M.A. in economics from Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, a Ph.D. from Friedrich Schiller
University, Jena, and a second Ph.D. from the Private University of Witten/Herdecke.
Michael has been Director of Open Europe Berlin, Professor of International Governance in the Law
and Economics department at the University of Bayreuth, Germany, Managing Research Associate at
the Walter Eucken Institute in Freiburg. He is professorial tutor in the postgraduate program “Social
Market Economy” of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation; Associate Fellow at the Ratio Institute in
Stockholm, Sweden, and guest professor at the CEVRO Institute in Prague.
His major fields of research are in New Institutional Economics, Economic Theories of Politics (Public
Choice Theory), Theories of economic systems, Evolutionary Economics, Social and Legal Philosophy
and History of Ideas. These have applications mainly concerning European governance and
integration, institutions and processes of democratic governance, globalisation and inter-
jurisdictional competition, public opinion formation, political leadership and political reform.
Luigi Zingales is the Robert C. McCormack Distinguished Service Professor of Entrepreneurship and Finance at the Booth School of Business. According to SSRN, he is the tenth most-cited author in the social sciences. His research on capitalism is summarized in two widely acclaimed books: Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists (2003, with Raghu Rajan) and A Capitalism for the People (2012). Zingales also co-hosts the podcast, Capitalisn’t.
Dr. Anders Åslund is a senior fellow at the Stockholm Free World Forum and an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University. He is a leading specialist on economic policy in Russia, Ukraine and Eastern Europe. Dr. Åslund has served as an economic adviser to several governments, notably the governments of Russia and Ukraine. He has published widely and is the author of 15 books and has edited 16 books. His most recent book is Russia’s Crony Capitalism: The Path from Market Economy to Kleptocracy (Yale UP 2019).
He was a professor at the Stockholm School of Economics and the founding director of the Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics. He has worked at five Washington think tanks – the Atlantic Council, the Peterson Institute for International Economics, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Brookings Institution, and the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies. He served as a Swedish diplomat in Kuwait, Poland, Geneva, and Moscow. He earned his PhD from Oxford University. He is a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.